TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cannabis breeders are quite professional and experienced in what they do. You might be wondering just what that is or what it means. It is when marijuana strains are created from scratch so they can stand out from other strains. The cannabis breeders will be able to improve the existing strains and their traits. The constraints, limitations or factors that will define each enhanced trait could be subjective. However, cannabis breeders might use various factors such as economic profitability and market demand of the various improved strains.
The Market and Selection Process
In the cannabis market today, there is a wide variety of strain selection that combines genetics of other strains, which the cannabis breeders create through a selection process. As it relates to this, it is easy to say that cannabis breeders are central to the seed banks. Without them, there is no way that we would regularly have new cannabis strains on the market.
The breeding procedure is about adaptability, vigor, hardness, maturity, resistance to diseases and pests, flower sizes, shapes, THC content, CBD content, pollination, samples, and calyx to leaf ratio; just to name a few. Now, let us look closely at the different procedures.
The Things to Consider
Vigor is one of the things that cannabis breeders have come to appreciate when it comes to the marijuana plants and the desire to cultivate them in such a way that they get bigger and do produce higher yields. Adaptability is something that should be considered since cannabis is being cultivated around the world in a wide range of environmental conditions. Therefore, the plant has to adapt to adverse climate conditions such as hot or cold temperatures, drought and humidity.
In the same way that adverse conditions are important, so is the resistance to diseases and pests. Plant maturity is also to be considered, especially as it relates to controlling the growth of the marijuana plants. The cannabis breeders must be able to tell exactly when the plants reach their maturity level during the harvesting phase.
Other things to consider are the ratio of calyx to leaf. In fact, cannabis breeders should pay close attention to this while assessing the colas. If the ratio is 1:1, it means that the buds are in poor condition. The most acceptable ratio is 2:1. But, the most excellent is 7:1/10, which is what many cannabis breeders strive for. When this ratio is on the right side, then harvested crops will be more in quantity, but not necessarily potency.
Marijuana breeders should also consider the profile and the amount of cannabinoid, the aroma, the trichome type, aroma durability, and size of calyx, flavor, persistence, quality and quantity of resin, shape of leaves and phenotype of plants.
The Different Factors
The phenotype of each marijuana plant depends on various factors that might include the conditions in which the plant is grown as well as its environment. With that being said, genetics does play an important role too while morphology should be something that the cannabis breeders take seriously.
Size is another thing that cannabis breeders must look at and the growing conditions is what is to be determined during the breeding process. This is particularly true when the strains are being created, especially with indoor growing. In a case like this, sativa genetics should be definitely avoided. The plants resulting from this will grow to be too huge and this will cause havoc in a grow tent or greenhouse.
In the competitive market of today, productivity is also key to create strains that are potent in both CBD and THC.
Learn more about cannabis breeders by enrolling in one of Cannabis Training University's cannabis education courses.