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The marijuana plant does better when genetics and environment play a role. Why? It helps with the coloration of the marijuana plant. Each plant variety looks differently as it relates to color. So, what causes this? For example the Black Cherry Soda has a dark purple color and bright orange hairs mixed in it, giving it a streaky look of fire. Let's find out what is the cause of the color of marijuana strains and examine the factors that influence the color of the plant as well as why some marijuana strains tend to look more brighter in color than others. Does the color purple mean that the marijuana strains are more potent (have a higher THC level)? Let's first look at the genetics.
Influence of Genetics
For any plant to have a vibrant hue that is not green as expected, then genetics will play a major role. The building blocks that genetically make up the coloring of the marijuana strains are known as anthocyanins. These are from the flavonoid family, which provides the necessary pigmentation and that is why some plants such as cabbage, blueberries, grapes, and eggplant end up with other colors than green. There are some cannabis strains that have natural amounts of anthocyanins compared to other strains. Have you ever taken notice of this?
The Granddaddy Purple marijuana strain is expected to have a deep purple color with hints of lavender. This means that this particular stain has a higher level of anthocyanin. This is one of the features that many cannabis breeders try to maintain in their crop so as to make the cannabis consumer appreciate the pretty colors. For that reason, you see more marijuana strains with a similar shade of purple such as Mendocino Purps, Purple Kush and Purple Urkle, just to name a few.
The phenotypes and genotypes of marijuana strains is what is unique to the change in coloration. If the conditions are appropriate, there are some specific marijuana strains with very high levels of anthocyanin that will show a propensity of having fancy colors once they are harvested. This is as a result of the type of unique phenotypes and genotypes. M
arijuana plants that have a lower level of anthocyanin could still result in a wide variety of colors and this will show up in the final weeks where flowering takes place. This may be due to carotenoids, which is a different family of molecules. These carotenoids will change the color of the plant to an earthy yellow or gold as the chlorophyll is shut off prior to harvesting.
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Changing from Green to Purple
How does marijuana strains change from the natural green expected to a purple hue? You may have learned in your biology class that chlorophyll is the catalyst of providing plants with its green color. The photosynthesis process and chlorophyll go hand in hand as plants depend on this for their green color and energy. Once your marijuana plants become mature, less chlorophyll pigment is produced. The anthocyanins will emerge as the chlorophyll is no longer dominant.
For that reason, the plant will show colors of reds, purples and blues. However, marijuana growers should be aware that the environment has a lot to do with the production of chlorophyll and the overall condition of the marijuana plant.
Even though, not all marijuana strains will result in blue, red or purple hues, with the right genetics and environmental condition, you could expect that.
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