TABLE OF CONTENTS
Does cannabis pot size affect plant growth? You bet it does! Container size makes all the difference for a good weed harvest! The right size container is the first step toward successful cannabis plant grows that thrive and flourish. When growing cannabis plant size can make a huge impact on your outcome. Pot sizes vary greatly and are important to get right when growing weed.
Whether you are growing one plant at home, or thousands of cannabis plants in a warehouse or outdoors, cannabis pot sizes make a big difference in the outcome of your yield. Cannabis plants need proper room to grow in order to get the most out of them. Indoor growing, outdoor growing, small cannabis grows, and large cannabis grows all need the right size pot.
But how do you determine the right size pots for marijuana growing? What are the advantages of one pot size over another? Choosing the correct sized pot for growing pot isn’t as easy as it seems. In fact, it can be quite difficult and confusing.
The right choice depends on several factors. How many cannabis plants do you plan to grow in containers? Do you plan to use a grow tent? Will you grow cannabis indoors or outside? What marijuana strain will you grow? How much available space do you have for your cannabis grow containers?
Don’t worry and read on! Take advantage of this article to learn how to choose the best grow containers for your cannabis plant needs. It is imperative to get pot sizes right when growing cannabis.
Cannabis Root Needs
First, let’s talk about what a pot is meant to protect—the roots.
During the germination of a marijuana plant, the first thing that emerges from cannabis seeds is the plant’s central tap root. As the cannabis plant grows, roots and tiny hairs branch off of the central root. A healthy marijuana plant will develop an underground structure that’s similar to the structure of the branches that are above ground.
Although you don’t see your cannabis plant’s roots, they require just as much care and consideration as the leaves and flowers. Cannabis plants breathe and absorb the nutrients they need through healthy root systems. They are fed through the cannabis roots.
So what do cannabis roots need to make plants thrive? Primarily, room for the plants to grow, proper draining, and no competition for nutrients. Growing cannabis can be easy if you make sure to check off all the right boxes, including the size of the pot.
Room To Grow
More than anything else, marijuana plant roots need enough space to grow properly in their environment. This is especially true in the vegetative stage of growth. Root growth in the vegetative state is directly related to the plant’s ability to manage water and nutrients in the flowering phase.
If the container doesn’t have enough room, the cannabis roots become tangled together. This is known as “root bound” (or sometimes “pot bound”). In pot bound plants, root development and growth is inhibited. If that happens, your marijuana plants won’t get the nutrients they need. This can lead to nutrient deficiencies and lower yields. Make sure they have enough room if you want big yields for your cannabis plant and the cannabis roots are happy! Proper pot sizes make a big impact on the outcome of your cannabis plants.
That said, there’s such a thing as too much room. If your marijuana plant is in a larger pot than it needs, your soil will stay wet. If you soak your plant, they are susceptible to root rot.
To support healthy roots in cannabis plants your soil should stay a little wet. It should never be soaked. Make sure your soil dries between each watering. It should retain just enough to keep moist and not be completely dry. No overwatering! Waterlogged soil, excess water, and moisture can eventually cause root disease. Cannabis pots need good draining to keep dry. Get rid of most of the moisture when growing cannabis.
Marijuana growers should avoid using the wrong containers. Avoid containers unless they’re designed specifically for growing plants. A Solo cup might seem like a cheap solution, but when your crop fails and your plants die because of runoff water, you’ll see that isn’t the case! And although a pottery bowl is pretty, it won’t look so great when it’s holding a dead shrub covered with pests!
Pots designed for growing have drainage holes in the bottom to manage water. Containers that are fabric pots or plastic pots that have holes everywhere are even better. You don’t want to waste time drilling holes in pots that weren’t designed for plants!
Place large trays or saucers under the pot to collect any excess water that drains out after watering. Some people use a matching saucer or trays that match the size of the pot. The shapes aren’t an issue as long as you ensure that you catch the water runoff!
If it’s not impossible, install a drainage system so that your plants never sit in stagnant water. If you can’t setup a drain, empty the runoff water from the saucers after each watering. You don’t want excess moisture in your weed garden from water runoff when growing cannabis! Plant pot the right way!
Never put more than one weed plant in the same pot, no matter what size it is. Each cannabis plant should be contained in its own pot. If more plants are in a pot, the cannabis roots compete for the nutrients you pour in the pot. With this method, none of them will reach their full potential.
There’s another good reason to set a limit of one per container. If trouble occurs in one container (for example, build-up of toxic nutrient levels), you’ll only lose one plant. Plant pot in it's own pot!
What Cannabis Pot Size Should I Use?
Now that you understand what cannabis roots need, you can see why pot size is so important! But what pot size is best for growing weed? Your marijuana plant will live in two or three separate containers during its life. You’ll use different pot sizes (in gallons or liters) each time you plant pot.
One thing to remember is to start small with seedlings when you plant pot. They need large amounts of pampering to begin the best way. During the early stages of growth, sow your cannabis seeds in a seed starter kit designed for baby plants.
Most starter kits for cannabis seeds have an insert with several small cells. Put your cannabis seeds in one cell each. The kits also have a humidity dome with an air vent and a tray at the bottom to collect excess water.
You can’t go wrong by purchasing a pack of 5 or 10 trays at the Amazon market place website. It won’t cost much money. Put it in your cart for less than $10.
Don’t forget the importance of the right media for your cannabis seedlings. To avoid stressing your marijuana plants, always decide and start with the media you’ll use during your cannabis plant’s life. If you choose to cultivate in rockwool, start with rockwool. If you choose to cultivate in soil, start with soil. You can use any form of media in a cannabis seed starter kit.
Seedlings are ready to transplant to a larger container when several white roots come out. If there are only one or two, the seedling needs more root development first.
Transplanting success is closely tied with how quickly you deliver them into the containers. Work quickly! A good process is key. The tiny, exposed hairs will desiccate if they are exposed for more than two minutes.
Transfer the young plants to fresh soil in clean containers. Sprinkle some mycorrhizae fungi on the fresh soil before you transplant. The overlooked task of adding microorganisms will really help!
The first time you transplant, move your cannabis plant into a 2 to 5 gallon pot. How do you decide the right pot size? Which pot sizes are correct? Large container or small container? Here are some things to consider:
- Will you grow indoors or outdoors? If you’re growing inside, use a small container. If you’re growing outdoors, the sky (literally) is the limit! You won’t be limited in any way. That means you can use large pots when growing outside.
- If you’re growing marijuana inside, how big is your grow space? A full-grown adult cannabis plant takes around four square feet of space. That’s a lot of space—especially if you’re growing marijuana in a small space like an indoor grow tent. It’s vital to have easy access to your garden. Don’t let large pots get in your way. A grow tent pot size should be around 3 gallons (11 liters). You can reduce the size of your weed by limiting how long you keep it in the vegetative stage of growth. If you want to do that, go with a small pot or small pots. If you have more room, use large pots or a large container.
- What strains will you cultivate? Sativas tend to spread out a lot more than indicas. Since the cannabis plant root structure is similar to its branch structure, a sativa strain needs a bigger pot than an indica plant. Smaller plants need smaller pots. The cannabis roots will spread out. Keep it in mind.
- Do you want to maximize yields? If you want to produce as much weed as possible, you’ll need bigger containers to hold your massive plants!
- How much can you lift? If you’re not strong, use a small container. It needs to be light enough to pick up and move. You can’t do that with a heavy weight.
You may wonder about the vegetative cycle for 1 gallon pot vs 3 gallon pot. How long to veg in 3 gallon pots? 30 to 35 days (5 weeks). How long to veg in 1 gallon pot? 2 or 3 weeks (14 to 21 days).
Can you flower in 1 gallon pots? You can, but it’s not a good idea. The smaller the pot, the faster growth cycle you should have. Note that when flowering in 1 gallon pots, the Screen of Green method is recommended. With big pots, you can veg as slow as you want.
Outdoor growing gives you the freedom to do what you want. If you’re growing outdoors or in a huge indoor grow space, you aren’t limited at all! You can let your cannabis plants grow as huge as you want (at least to the extent you can handle).
In this case, you may need to repot your weed more than once. As a general rule of thumb, pot size should double each time a plant is transplanted for good balance. The bigger the plant, the bigger pot you need. When you plant pot inside, remember that your ceiling height is important to keep in mind since when you move the plants from vegetative phase into flowering phase, the cannabis plants will double in height.
So what is the best pot size based on the plant size? Growing larger plants requires larger pots. Check out this plant pot sizes chart. It shows plant height to pot size ratio!
As a rule of thumb, you should add around 5 gallons (19 liters) of plant container space for every 12 inches of growth. So if you’re growing cannabis in 3 gallon pots, induce flowering or transplant when the plant is 2 feet tall. However, that idea might lead to a really big pot grow. Sativas can grow as high as 25 feet! You need a large container for a sativa that can grow huge! Cannabis plants need enough space for their roots to spread and the plant to thrive and have enough room to grow.
Keep in mind that moving to new containers is stressful. Your cannabis plants will do better if you move them directly to the container they’ll need until harvest. They can stay in that container for the rest of the grow cycle. Give them room to grow and they will thank you for it later.
Best Grow Pots for Weed Plants
So many different cannabis pots are available for growing weed! The best pot material for growing weed depends on the grow system and soil that you’re using. That said, don’t opt for materials like metal, clay, or terracotta. You’re better off with fabric pots that have more airflow when you plant pot.
Here are some of the best pots we recommend for growing marijuana. These different types of containers will work in your budget! You can use small pots for small cannabis plants, and larger pots for large plants.
If your plants grow in soil (or in a soil-like growing medium like peat moss with perlite), your set up is well suited for Smart Pots. Smart Pots are some of the most commonly used pots for growing cannabis.
Smart Pots are made of a porous fabric material. Fabric pots have better gas exchange than plastic cannabis containers. When the plant’s roots get to the edges of a Smart Pot, they stop elongating and grow fine lateral roots that enhance gas exchange. This prevents your plants from becoming root bound.
Other factors make Smart Pots a good choice. A Smart Pot provides great aeration, which enhances the health of the rhizosphere. Smart Pots dry quickly and are light weight.
Smart pots are the most commonly used pots for cannabis. Their only disadvantage is that they do not have rigid sides. Take care when moving Smart Pots!
What size smart pot for indoor grow? A 3 to 5 gallon Smart Pot will be perfect! What about a Smart Pot outdoor grow? Outdoor growers can use very large Smart Pots. Indoor growers can use small pots or larger pots depending on the room you have and ceiling or tent height.
Don’t want a fabric pot? Super Roots Air Pots are excellent plastic containers. They’re good for hydroponic systems that aren’t constantly filled with water and for root growth.
Air-Pots encourage the roots to follow the nutrient solution to the edges of the plastic container. This allows beneficial bacteria to release all the nutrients. When the tips reach oxygen, they dehydrate and split, creating new tips. This is known as air pruning. Greater nutrient absorption happens at these points. This encourages the plants to grow. Air Pots are also very sturdy.
Grodan Rockwool Blocks
Grodan grow cubes are rockwool, an inorganic grow medium made from basalt and chalk. The pores in rockwool facilitate the roots getting oxygen. Its massive capillary action makes it a great growing medium for hydroponic and aeroponic systems.
Grodan’s rockwool cubes have advantages over other rockwool products. They can be planted into each other. This makes transplanting very easy. Simply place the Grodan cube in a larger-sized cube and the transplant is finished!
Container Construction Material
Containers and pots intended for plants are constructed out a variety of materials, including terracotta, coir (coconut husk), plastic, ceramic, metal, wood, concrete, and rubber. The most economical, sturdy, and damage-resistant of these would be rubber or coir.
Rubber and plastic are probably the most widely used in nurseries and plants purchased for re-potting. A rubber plant container of the appropriate size makes a lot for sense for cannabis use. Many containers will shatter or chip with rough handling, but rubber bounces back and keeps performing for multiple grows.
Since nurseries rely on them so often, rubber pots almost always have adequate drainage and are able to retain moisture well.
Many cannabis growers have their personal favorite when it comes to cultivating cannabis, and compelling arguments can be made for each container medium, but there is much to be said for rubber or durable plastic, and these are the materials used most often. Having holes in the bottom can help with drainage.
Growing Media for Cannabis
Growing cannabis plants in pots requires growing media. Straight potting soil is the simplest, most widely available choice. If you have access to compost, this is an excellent way to grow organically by adding it to soil for a nutrient-rich growing medium.
A variety of premixed soils with fertilizers already added are widely available as well. Some of these are organic, while others contain synthetic additives. The vast majority of cannabis growers prefer organic media.
Other materials sometimes added to soil include sand, perlite, and coco fiber. These substances provide a less-dense soil mixture than straight soil.
This type of mixture promotes rapid root development, which is always good for a cannabis plant’s overall health. Avoid soils that contain clay or other dense matter.
They will clog root development and retain too much water, neither of which is good for cannabis. Root growth is majorly important when growing marijuana and the grow media is important to assure proper root growth.
Specialized Marijuana Pots
If you read cannabis industry business publications, you’ve most likely have seen the advertisements for “air pots” and “smart pots.” These specialized pots can provide benefits for the ambitious cannabis cultivator. One of the main benefits of these types of pots is that they both provide increased oxygenation to plant root systems.
Because these pots have so much exposure from the sides, the plants never get “root bound due to the pots’ unique “air pruning” from the sides. Because the soil or other growing medium dries out from the sides when using these pots, it’s difficult to over water them. Extra healthy root systems are the end result when using them.
Unfortunately, while smart pots and air pots provide some advantages over conventional pots, they also share the same shortcomings.
Because of the dramatic increase in air exposure from the sides, these pots will require an increased amount of watering. Because of this, they will also require a decent-sized saucer to collect the excess water. This will be a minor inconvenience for some but not others. There is much to be said for the advantages these progressive pots provide.
Regardless of which pots you choose for your cannabis cultivation, be sure to follow best practices and monitor your grow carefully. With attentive care, you can produce excellent flower with most pots. Use quality genetics, provide good care, and you will enjoy the rewards of your harvest on a relatively short amount of time!
How big should cannabis pot be?
It depends on the strain and the goal of the desired outcome. When picking a container each pot size will be determined by the desired final size of the plant. Use a container 5-gallons or larger to stop the roots from becoming root bound for strains that are kept in the vegetative phase for 6 weeks or longer.
Does pot size affect cannabis yield?
Yes pot size will affect cannabis yield. A bigger pot will result in bigger yields. Cannabis grows long roots that need ample room to reach their ideal outcome. Growing cannabis in a container that is too small will lead to root bound and stunt the plants growth.
How much cannabis can you yield in a 5 gallon pot?
If growing Indoors, under 1000-watt HPS lights, with an average of 4-weeks of vegetative time in a 5-gallon buckets, the plant yield should be approximately one quarter of a pound (112 grams) of dry cannabis flowers per plant if all other factors are set up correctly. This of course also depends on the strain chosen.
What happens if a pot is too big when growing cannabis?
Soil dries slowly in too large of pots which will make the plants more susceptible to root rot. Too large of pots also tend to tip over easily in wind.
Does bigger pots mean bigger plants?
Yes. Doubling plant pot size makes plants grow over 40 percent larger on average.
How big can a cannabis plant grow in a 3 gallon pot?
Ideally, cannabis plants should have 5 gallons (19 liters) of plant container space for every 12 inches of growth. If cultivating cannabis in 3 gallon pots, switch the plants to flowering phase (12 hours of darkness, 12 hours of light) or transplant when the plant is 2 feet tall.
When should I increase my pot size?
Some common signs that a cannabis plant needs more space are:
-Roots busting out the bottom of the pot
-Soil level has dropped or appears dry and hardened
How much does an average cannabis plant yield indoors?
The average yield per cannabis plant grown indoors using 600W – 1000W lights is
150 to 300 grams (up to 600 grams for more experienced growers). And an average of 250 to 500 grams (1000 grams for more experienced cannabis growers) with a 1000-watt HPS light.
Why are fabric pots better?
Fabric pots allow extra oxygen to make it to the plant roots from all sides, not just from the top, which helps soil to thrive.
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Choosing the Right Container for Growing Pot
When growing cannabis, one of the foundational decisions to make revolves around choosing the right container. The size and type of the pot can influence the overall health, size, and yield of the plant. Let’s delve into the specifics of selecting the most suitable container for your cannabis grow.
Cannabis Pot Size Chart
Understanding a pot size chart is essential when growing cannabis. This chart provides a guide on which size of pot is most suitable for each growth stage of your cannabis plant:
- Seedlings: 0.5 to 1 gallon
- Young Plants: 1 to 2 gallons
- Vegetative Stage: 3 to 5 gallons
- Flowering Stage: 5+ gallons (depending on the desired size of the mature plant)
Do Bigger Pots Mean Bigger Buds?
A common question among growers is if a larger pot will result in bigger buds. While a larger pot provides more space for roots to grow, it doesn't necessarily guarantee bigger buds. However, it does give the plant a better opportunity to achieve its maximum potential.
Ensuring other factors like proper nutrition, light, and climate are also crucial for bud development.
Autoflower Cannabis Pot Size
Autoflowering strains tend to have a shorter growth cycle and often don't grow as large as their photoperiod counterparts. For most autoflowers:
- 2 to 3 gallons is generally sufficient for their entire life cycle.
Plant Height to Pot Size Ratio
While there's no strict rule, a general guideline is:
- For every 12 inches of plant height, you should provide 2-3 gallons of pot space.
This ratio ensures that the plant has enough room for its roots to support its growth above ground.
Indoor Cannabis Pot Size
What Size Smart Pot for Indoor Grow?
Smart pots are fabric containers that promote better aeration for roots and prevent issues like root circling. For indoor grows:
- Most growers opt for pots between 3 to 7 gallons, depending on the intended size and growth period of the plant.
Outdoor Cannabis Pot Size
Outdoor plants typically have more space to flourish. However, pot size still matters. Depending on the strain and growth conditions:
- 10 to 25-gallon pots (or even larger) can be utilized to maximize the plant's potential.
Pot Size for 3 Foot Plant
For a cannabis plant that you intend to grow up to 3 feet tall:
- A pot of approximately 7 to 10 gallons should suffice, allowing ample space for root development.
How to Select the Proper Sized Container for Cannabis Plants
- Consider Growth Stage: Ensure the pot size aligns with the growth stage of your cannabis.
- Plan Ahead: Anticipate the size of the mature plant to prevent frequent repotting.
- Factor in Grow Location: Indoor and outdoor grows might have different container requirements.
The Right Weed Plant Pot Size
Strive for balance. While you don’t want to stunt growth with a small pot, an excessively large pot might result in overwatering. Ensure good drainage and consider the grow medium volume when deciding on pot size.
Best Pot Size for Cannabis Grow
While the best pot size can vary based on various factors, using the guidelines provided can help growers make an informed decision. Always consider the specific needs of your strain and the environmental conditions.
Choosing the Right Cannabis Container for Your Growing
Beyond size, material matters too. Traditional plastic pots, air pots, and smart pots all offer different benefits. Fabric pots, like smart pots, provide superior aeration, promoting healthier root systems. Always factor in your specific growing conditions and preferences when making a choice.
Cannabis production has advanced into a sophisticated and increasingly legalized industry since its covert beginnings. The choice of the appropriate pot size is an important one, whether you're a seasoned grower or a novice trying your hand at cannabis cultivation.
Your cannabis plants' health, development pace, and production can all be significantly impacted by the size of the pot you select.
- Seedling and Vegetative Stage:
Cannabis plants need an environment that supports robust root growth and good vegetative growth during these vulnerable growth phases. During this stage, smaller pots, like 1 to 3 gallon containers, are ideal. These container sizes encourage compact root systems, which reduce the risk of overwatering and make sure the plant's energy is focused on producing lush foliage. Cannabis plants develop stronger and are better prepared for transplantation into larger containers as they mature in these pots.
- Transplanting to the Flowering Stage:
It is advised to move your cannabis plants into larger pots when moving them to the flowering stage, when they begin to produce buds. A cannabis plant's root system will grow significantly during this stage, necessitating extra room to accommodate it. During the flowering stage, 5 to 10 gallon pots are frequently utilized. These bigger containers provide the roots the space they need to stretch out, allowing the marijuana plant to take in more nutrients and water and produce a more robust and healthy blossom.
- Take Strain and area into Account:
In addition, the type of cannabis you're growing and the area you have for your plants should be taken into consideration when selecting a pot size. Sativa-dominant strains can grow higher and have wider root systems, while indica-dominant strains typically have shorter, bushier growth. Choose pot sizes that will accommodate your plants' future growth while fitting within your growing space after taking into account the expected size of your fully developed plants.
- Airflow and Drainage:
Having adequate airflow and drainage is essential for avoiding problems like root rot and the spread of mold. Select containers with sufficient drainage holes to guarantee that extra water can drain and the growing media may breathe freely. Due to their superior drainage capabilities and the fact that they prevent root circling, fabric pots are growing in popularity. This results in healthier root systems for your cannabis plants.
- Versatility of Container Types:
Although conventional plastic containers are frequently used, an increasing number of people are choosing to employ smart pots or alternative pot materials like cloth. Fabric pots offer better drainage and aeration, as was already noted. A permeable cloth is used in the construction of smart pots to improve ventilation to the roots and avoid root circling, which eventually leads to healthier weed plants.
- Repotting and Training:
To improve yield and shape, cannabis plants can benefit from a variety of training methods, including topping, trimming, and low-stress training (LST). Greater flexibility is possible with these procedures since larger pots provide the cannabis plant the room it needs to recoup and thrive after training.
In conclusion, choosing the proper pot size for cannabis production is a choice that needs to take a number of things into account. Each growth stage, from seedling to flowering, requires the right pot size to promote strong root growth, lush foliage, and the best bud output.
To make an informed choice, consider the strain you're growing, the available area, and the advantages of different marijuana materials. Marijuana growers have access to a variety of pot sizes and types to ensure the success of their cultivation efforts as the cannabis market continues to develop.
Luis Cordova is a distinguished author, and renowned expert in cannabis cultivation, who possesses a Master's degree in Plant Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Science. As a valued contributor to highly esteemed publications such as Cannabis Training University and Maximum Yield Magazine, Luis has emerged as a trusted source of guidance and knowledge in the cannabis industry. Having written thousands of informative articles, Luis is widely recognized for his comprehensive expertise on cultivating cannabis, both indoors and outdoors.